Speaker: Kurt M. Kotrschal, PhD
Description: Wolves Dogs and Humans…Why did particularly wolves in their domesticated form turn into the closest animal buddy of man? Wolves and human are both hypercursorial hunters, adaptable to a wide range of environments and show a similar social orientation: both species cooperate over hunting, caring for offspring and in warfare against neighbours. At the Wolf Science Center (Austria) (www.wolfscience.at) we experimentally investigate and compare the cognitive abilities of wolves and dogs and their cooperative orientation among themselves and with humans. A number of hypotheses imply that by domestication, dogs have become intrinsically better than wolves in interacting and cooperating with humans (Frank 1980, Hare and Tomasello 2005, Hare et al. 2012, Gacsi et al. 2009). However, this may not be true, as wolves are much more dependent on fine-grained social interactions with pack members than dogs, which may also be expressed in their interactions with humans when properly socialized with them. For example, Range and Viranyi (2013) found that wolves are more attentive imitators with conspecific models than dogs (see also Udell et al. 2008).
Our data indicate that domestication did not simply increase the inherent disposition of dogs to synchronize and coordinate with humans, or
that dogs would outperform wolves in their more “human-like” cognitive skills or in their better attentiveness towards humans and their action inhibition, as proposed by previous domestication hypotheses (Hare et al. 2012, Gacsi et al. 2009). Rather, the “intraspecific canine cooperation hypothesis” (Range and Viranyi 2013) is supported. In my talk I will give an introduction to the work and training philosophy at the WSC and provide a few examples of our science.
This wolves dogs and humans lecture will be recorded live online March 2014. You may attend Live or OnDemand…or both. CEUs available for both.
Available as a recording after the lecture.
Recorded: March, 2014
2 CCPDT (CBCC-KA or CPDT-KA)
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